Using Timer Class


If you have programmed in VB6 before then probably you are familiar with Timer control. The Timer control triggers a code after certain interval of time. This control is typically used on windows forms. Similar control does exists for Windows Forms as well. What if you need such timer functionality on a thread of your classes (not on forms)? The System.Threading.Timer class can be used in such cases. This class automatically uses Thread Pool for executing your code.

Namespaces Involved

Following namespaces are involved:
  • System
  • System.Threading

Using System.Threading.Timer Class

In order to use Timer class you need to create an instance of it as shown below:
Public Sub StartTimer()
  Dim tcb As New TimerCallback(AddressOf Me.TimerMethod)
  Dim objTimer As Timer
  objTimer = New Timer(tcb, Nothing, 
End Sub

Public Sub TimerMethod(ByVal state As Object)
   MsgBox("The Timer invoked this method.")
End Sub
Here, we created an instance of Timer class and passed a TimerCallBack and interval details to it. The third parameter represents the delay in milliseconds after which the method will be called for the first time. The forth parameter represents the interval in milliseconds that will be elapsed between the consecutive method calls. In our example the timer will start 5 seconds after creation of the instance. Then after 10 seconds it will fire again and again.

Bipin Joshi is an independent software consultant and trainer by profession specializing in Microsoft web development technologies. Having embraced the Yoga way of life he is also a yoga mentor, meditation teacher, and spiritual guide to his students. He is a prolific author and writes regularly about software development and yoga on his websites. He is programming, meditating, writing, and teaching for over 27 years. To know more about his private online courses on ASP.NET and meditation go here and here.

Posted On : 26 October 2002

Tags : .NET Framework VB.NET C# Components Multithreading